Telugu Numbers - Numeric System of Telugu

Telugu Numbers from 1 to 1000 | Exploring the Telugu Numeric System

Numbers are the universal language of quantification and measurement, and Telugu numbers hold a pivotal role in Telugu culture and everyday communication. Beyond their utilitarian function in commerce, mathematics, and timekeeping, Telugu numbers are imbued with cultural significance and often intertwine with traditional beliefs and rituals. 

In this article, we delve into the fascinating realm of Telugu numbers, exploring their historical roots, structural intricacies, and cultural implications. From cardinal to ordinal numbers, and their role in various facets of life, we aim to uncover the depth and significance of numerals in Telugu language and culture.

Join us on this journey as we unravel the numerical mysteries that enrich the linguistic fabric of Telugu society, providing insights into both the practical and cultural dimensions of its numeral system.

Historical and Cultural Context of Telugu Numerals

Overview of the History of Telugu Numerals:

The history of Telugu numerals dates back to ancient times, tracing its origins to the development of Brahmi script, which was used for writing in ancient India. Brahmi script, known for its adaptability across various regional languages, including Telugu, played a crucial role in shaping the early numeral system used in the region.

Over time, as Telugu language evolved as a distinct language with its own script, the numeral system also developed independently. The evolution of Telugu numerals can be observed through historical inscriptions, manuscripts, and literary works that showcase the gradual refinement and standardization of numerical symbols and their usage in different contexts.

Influence of Ancient Scripts like Brahmi:

The influence of Brahmi script on Telugu numerals is profound. Initially, numerical symbols in Telugu were adaptations or derivations from Brahmi numerals, which themselves evolved from the ancient Indic scripts. These early forms laid the foundation for the numerical system used in Telugu, influencing both the shape and structure of numerals.

The script’s unique characteristics, such as the distinctive way it represents consonants and vowels, influenced the design and readability of Telugu numerals, ensuring their practicality in everyday use.

Cultural Significance of Numbers in Telugu-Speaking Regions:

Numbers hold significant cultural value in Telugu-speaking regions, beyond their practical use in arithmetic and commerce. Certain numbers are considered auspicious or inauspicious based on cultural beliefs and traditions. For example, numbers like 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 are often regarded as lucky, while others like 4 are associated with superstitions due to phonetic similarities with the Telugu word for ‘death’ in Telugu.

Numerals also play a crucial role in rituals, ceremonies, and religious practices. They are used to denote auspicious dates, times for rituals, and even in numerology to determine favorable outcomes in personal and professional spheres. This cultural attachment underscores the significance of numbers as more than mere symbols of quantity, but as carriers of cultural identity and traditional wisdom.

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System of Telugu Numerals

The Telugu numeral system is a unique system of numeration used predominantly by Telugu speakers in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, as well as among Telugu-speaking communities worldwide. It follows a decimal system, similar to the Hindu-Arabic numeral system, meaning it is based on powers of ten.

In the Telugu numeral system, digits are represented by symbols that are distinct from those used in other Indian scripts like Devanagari or Kannada. The basic numerals from 0 to 9 in Telugu script are as follows:

౦ (0), ౧ (1), ౨ (2), ౩ (3), ౪ (4), ౫ (5), ౬ (6), ౭ (7), ౮ (8), ౯ (9).

Complete table of Telugu numerals are given below.👇

Comparison with Other Numeral Systems (e.g., Hindu-Arabic):

Telugu numerals share similarities with the Hindu-Arabic numeral system, which is the most commonly used numeral system worldwide. Both systems are decimal (base-10) and use positional notation, where the position of each digit in a number determines its value relative to powers of ten.

However, there are notable differences in the symbols used and sometimes in the pronunciation. For instance, while the shapes of numerals may differ, the positional value and principles of counting remain consistent across both systems. Telugu numerals retain a distinctive visual style due to the unique features of the Telugu script.

Writing and Pronunciation of Telugu Numerals:

Telugu numerals are written and read from left to right, similar to English and most other modern languages. Each numeral has a specific pronunciation associated with it, often influenced by phonetic rules within the Telugu language. For example, the numeral (1) is pronounced as “oṇḍu,” (2) as “rendu,” and so forth.

In formal contexts and literature, Telugu numerals are used extensively, including in official documents, educational materials, and publications. They are integral to everyday communication for counting, measuring, telling time, and performing mathematical operations.

Cardinal Numbers in Telugu

Cardinal numbers in Telugu are used to denote quantity, counting, or ordering in a sequential manner. They follow a similar structure to other numeral systems, representing the basic numerical values from 0 to 9 and their combinations to form larger numbers. The basic cardinal numbers in Telugu script are:

These digits are combined to form larger numbers by positioning them in a place-value system, similar to the Hindu-Arabic numeral system.

NumeralTelugu NumeralTelugu WordPronunciationCount
100౧౦౦నూరుnooruOne Hundred
1000౧౦౦౦వెయ్యిరుveyyiruOne Thousand
Table of Telugu Numbers with pronunciation

You’ll need to learn the Telugu alphabets to understand the actual pronunciation of these numbers.

Examples of How These Numbers Are Used in Daily Life:

  1. Counting and Quantification: Telugu cardinal numbers are used extensively for counting objects, people, and occurrences in everyday conversations. For example:
    • ఒక (oka) – one
    • రెండు (reṇḍu) – two
    • మూడు (mūḍu) – three
  2. Time and Dates: Telugu numbers are crucial in denoting time, dates, and ages. For instance:
    • అమరావతిలో రెండు గంటల సమయం (Amarāvati lo reṇḍu gaṇṭala samayam) – It’s two o’clock in Amaravati.
    • జూన్ ౨౫వ తేదీ (Jūn 25 va tēdī) – June 25th.
  3. Quantities and Measurements: Telugu numbers are used for measuring quantities, distances, weights, and other physical dimensions:
    • ఎక్కువగా మూడు కిలోలు ఉన్నాయి (Ekkuvā mūḍu kilōlu unnāyi) – There are three kilograms more.
    • పంది ఆడించింది ఏడు మీటర్ల పైలు (Pandi āḍinciṁdi ēḍu mīṭerla pailu) – The bull jumped over seven meters.
  4. Numerical Operations: Telugu numbers are employed in mathematical calculations and operations:
    • మూడు అంకెలు ఎలాగో ఎక్కువ ఉన్నాయి (Mūḍu ankēlu ēlāgō ekkuv unnāyi) – Three digits somehow had more.
    • ఐదు గట్టిగా చేయవడం అలాంటి సౌకర్యానికి వాటి వార్తలు వచ్క

Ordinal Numbers in Telugu

Ordinal numbers in Telugu are used to denote the position or order of items in a sequence. They differ from cardinal numbers (which indicate quantity) by specifying the rank or placement of an object or person. The most common ordinal numbers in Telugu include:

  • మొదటి (mōdaṭi) – first
  • రెండవ (reṇḍava) – second
  • మూడవ (mūḍava) – third
  • నాలుగవ (nālugava) – fourth
  • ఐదవ (aidava) – fifth
  • ఆరవ (ārava) – sixth
  • ఏడవ (ēḍava) – seventh
  • ఎనిమిది (enimidi) – eighth
  • తొమ్మిది (tommidi) – ninth
  • పదవ (padava) – tenth

These ordinal numbers are formed by adding the suffix “-వ” (-va) to the corresponding cardinal number. For example, మొదటి (mōdaṭi) is derived from ఒక (oka), which means “one.” There are several easy ways to learn Telugu numbers than you could imagine, and we have a special surprise at the end of this article.

Differences in Structure Compared to Cardinal Numbers:

  1. Suffix “-వ” (-va): Ordinal numbers in Telugu are formed by adding the suffix “-వ” (-va) to the cardinal number. This suffix indicates the ordinal position. For instance:
    • మొదటి (mōdaṭi) from ఒక (oka) – first
    • రెండవ (reṇḍava) from రెండు (reṇḍu) – second
    • మూడవ (mūḍava) from మూడు (mūḍu) – third
  2. Usage in Sequences: Ordinal numbers are used to describe the sequence or order of items, such as in rankings, positions, or steps in a process. They are essential for conveying chronological or hierarchical information.
  3. Pronunciation and Usage: Ordinal numbers follow similar pronunciation rules to cardinal numbers but with the addition of the “-వ” (-va) suffix. They are commonly used in various contexts, including writing dates (జూన్ మొదటి – first June), describing winners in competitions (విజేత రెండవ – second winner), or listing steps in instructions (మూడవ పట్టి – third step).


Telugu numbers stand as a testament to the rich cultural and linguistic heritage of the Telugu-speaking people. Rooted in ancient scripts like Brahmi, these numerals have evolved over centuries, embodying a unique blend of tradition, symbolism, and practicality.

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